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6 Organization and subdivision
of subject matter

 

6.1 Names of the main subdivisions

The terms that shall be used to designate the divisions and subdivisions of subject matter are given in Table 1 in English and in French.

 

Table 1 – Names of divisions and subdivisions

English term

French term

Example of numbering

Part

Partie

9999-1

Clause
Subclause
Subclause
Paragraph

Article
Paragraphe
Paragraphe
Alinéa

1
1.1
1.1.1
[no number]

Annex

Annexe

A

 

6.2 Subdivision into documents

Documents are so diverse that no universally acceptable rules can be established for the subdivision of the subject matter.

 

However, as a general principle, an individual document shall be prepared for each subject to be standardized, and published either as a single standard or a single part of a series.

 

EXAMPLE 1 Examples of reasons for the subdivision into parts under the same number are
–    the document is likely to become too long,
–    subsequent parts of the content are interlinked,
–    portions of the document are referred to in regulations, and
–    portions of the document are intended to serve for certification purposes.

 

Such subdivision has the advantage that each part can be revised separately as necessary.

 

In particular, the aspects of a product that are of separate interest to different parties (e.g. manufacturers, certification bodies, legislative bodies or other users) shall be clearly distinguished, preferably as parts of a document or as individual documents.

 

EXAMPLE 2 Examples of such individual aspects are
–    health and safety requirements,
–    performance requirements,
–    maintenance and service requirements,
–    installation rules, and
–    quality assessment.

 

6.3 Subdivision of the subject matter within a series of parts

There are two main ways of subdividing subject matter within a series of parts.

 

a) Each part deals with a specific aspect of the subject and can stand alone.

 

EXAMPLE 1
Part 1: Vocabulary
Part 2: Requirements
Part 3: Test methods
Part 4: …

 

EXAMPLE 2
Part 1: Vocabulary
Part 2: Harmonics
Part 3: Electrostatic discharge
Part 4: …

 

b) There are both common and specific aspects to the subject. The common aspects shall be given in Part 1. Specific aspects (which can modify or supplement the common aspects and therefore cannot stand alone) shall be given in separate individual parts.

 

EXAMPLE 3
Part 1: General requirements
Part 2: Thermal requirements
Part 3: Air purity requirements
Part 4: Acoustical requirements

 

EXAMPLE 4
Part 1: General requirements
Part 21: Particular requirements for electric irons
Part 22: Particular requirements for spin extractors
Part 23: Particular requirements for dishwashers

 

EXAMPLE 5 For IEC documents only
Part 1: General requirements
Part 2-1: Requirements for plasma displays
Part 2-2: Requirements for monitors
Part 2-3: Requirements for LCDs

 

Where the system described in b) is used, care shall be taken that the references from one part to another are valid. There are two ways of achieving this.

  • If reference is made to a particular element, the reference shall be dated (see 10.5 ).
  • When undated references (see 10.4 ) are used, the committee responsible shall validate the references at the time of review of the document.

Each part of a multipart series shall be drafted in accordance with the same rules as those used for an individual document.

 

The number of a part shall be in Arabic numerals, starting with 1, following the document number and preceded by a hyphen.

 

EXAMPLE 6 ISO 9999-1, ISO 9999-2

 

In ISO, parts cannot be further subdivided. In IEC, parts can be subdivided down to two levels. See the examples in 11.4.

 

EXAMPLE 7 IEC 60335-2-9

 

If a document is subdivided in a number of separate parts, the first part should include an explanation of the intended structure in its Introduction. When developing a series, consider reserving Part 1 for general aspects such as a vocabulary.

 

In the Foreword to each part in the series, a reference may be made to the titles of all other parts that have been or are planned to be published.

 

EXAMPLE 8

 

A list of all parts in the ISO xxxx series can be found on the ISO website.

 

A list of all parts in the IEC xxxx series, published under the general title xxx, can be found on the IEC website.

 

6.4 Subdivision of the subject matter within an individual document

An example of a typical arrangement is given in Table 2.

 

Table 2 – Overview of the major subdivisions of a document
and their arrangement in the text

Major subdivision

Mandatory/Optional/Conditional

Title

Mandatory

Table(s) of content

Optionala

Foreword

Mandatory

Introduction

Optional/Conditionala

Scope

Mandatory

Normative references

Mandatoryb

Terms and definitions

Mandatoryb

Symbols and abbreviated terms

Conditional

Technical content
For example: test methods

Mandatory/Optional/Conditional

Annexes

Optional

Bibliography

Conditional

Indices

Optional

a These may include a list of major subdivisions of the document and lists of figures, tables and similar numbered elements.

b See 13.3.

c When no normative references or terms are listed, use the introductory texts provided in 15.5.2 and 16.5.3.

 

6.5 Supplementary content

Certain documents contain supplementary material that is best provided in electronic formats, which differs from that of the main content.

 

EXAMPLE 1 Data sets, code components, test forms.

 

This supplementary material can be provided as an attached file or a hyperlink (URN or URL).

 

Supplementary content shall only be provided in this way if it cannot reasonably be included in the main body of the text.

 

Each item of supplementary content shall be explicitly referred to within the text in order to explain its context and use.

 

EXAMPLE 2

"The conformance bitstreams are provided at:
https://standards.iso.org/iso-iec/23008/-8/ed-2/en"

 

EXAMPLE 3

"The supplementary files associated with this document are located at:
https://www.iec.ch/tc82/supportingdocuments"

 

 

6.6 Subdivision of the subject matter into profiles

One of the primary objectives of standardization is to minimize variation and encourage single common standards for worldwide use. However, in some cases, it is necessary to choose sets and subsets of characteristics from a common defined framework for specific applications.

 

EXAMPLE 1

Application-specific variants of a standard or set of standards.

 

EXAMPLE 2

User profiles, which are a defined subset that is valid for a specific type of user.

 

EXAMPLE 3

A subset of characteristics designed for one specific function.

 

 

In such cases, the subject matter may be subdivided and organized using profiles.

 

The number of profiles shall be limited, and profiles defined only when essential to meet technical, regional or application needs.

 

Profiles shall be specified in accordance with a defined scheme.

 

Each profile defined by the scheme shall be identified with a unique designator to allow products conforming to differing profiles to be clearly distinguished. The designator should be constructed using a system conforming to Annex C.

 

Potential incompatibilities and non-interoperability of profiles should be addressed.