SDG 6 - Clean water and sanitation

Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

SDG 6   

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Safe and affordable water

Demand for drinking water is forecast to rise by 55% until 2050. The supply of clean water is complex: pumps extract water from wells, rivers, lakes or oceans. The water is then transported through pipelines to be purified, filtered or desalinated. Even the simplest water treatment plants employ electric pumps, valves and scrapers. More modern systems also have thousands of sensors that control the length of water flow on taps, toilets or irrigation systems. All of them rely on IEC work.

2 IEC CA Systems and more than 90 IEC Standards from 34 IEC TC/SCs contribute to SDG 6.

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IEC for SDGs

IEC will undertake a campaign to help the IEC community, as well as external stakeholders, better understand...

IEC work addresses topics related to water and sanitation

Water extraction (pump)

Water extraction (pump)

Ultraviolet light

Ultraviolet light

Irrigation

Irrigation

Ocean thermal energy coversion

Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC)

Water treatment

Water treatment

Industrial water use

Industrial water use

Electric motor

Electric motor

Control and instrumentation

Control and instrumentation

Valve

Valve

Sensor

Sensor

IEC work directly impacts the following SDG targets

6.1 Safe and affordable drinking water for all

IEC work is foundational for water management from extraction to use and reuse. Supplying and treating water requires many electrical and electronic devices and systems.

  • IEC TC 4: Hydraulic turbines;
  • IEC TC 5: Steam turbines;
  • IEC SC 22G: Adjustable speed electric drive systems incorporating semiconductor power converters;
  • IEC TC 27: Industrial electroheating and electromagnetic processing;
  • IEC TC 46: Cables, wires, waveguides, RF connectors, RF and microwave passive components and accessories;
  • IEC TC 57: Power systems management and associated information exchange, and IEC TC 65, Industrial-process measurement, control and automation, cover the supervisory control and data acquisition systems (SCADA) that are used in pumping and control stations, as well as the sensors for switches;
  • IEC TC 64: Electrical installations and protection against electric shock;
  • IEC SC 65B: Measurement and control devices, provides the technical foundation for the many different kinds of valves that control water flow, pressure, temperature, liquid levels, etc. They are indispensable in water distribution and to avoid leakages. The IEC 60534 series of standards is considered the bible for the water purification and waste water treatment industry;
  • IEC SC 65C: Industrial networks;
  • IEC SC 65E: Devices and integration in enterprise systems;
  • IEC TC 70: Degrees of protection provided by enclosures;
  • IEC TC 72: Automatic electrical controls;
  • IEC TC 86 and 3 SCs: Fibre optics;
  • IEC TC 111: Environmental standardization for electrical and electronic products and systems;
  • IEC SC 121A: Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear;
  • ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 6: Telecommunications and information exchange between systems;

6.3 Reducing water pollution, increase wastewater treatment and reuse

Monitoring chemical use in manufacturing; the electrification of shipping at sea and in harbours can significantly reduce water pollution. Wastewater treatment is also underpinned by IEC International Standards.

  • IEC TC 34: Lamps and related equipment, in particular;
  • IEC SC 34D: Luminaires, and IEC TC 61, Safety of household and similar electrical appliances, are essential for a number of disinfection methods which involve ultraviolet light or "cold" electrical discharge;
  • IEC TC 64: Electrical installations and protection against electric shock;
  • IEC SC 65B: Measurement and control devices, provides the technical foundation for the many different kinds of valves that control water flow, pressure, temperature, liquid levels, etc. They are indispensable in water distribution and to avoid leakages. The IEC 60534 series of standards is considered the bible for the water purification and waste water treatment industry;
  • IEC TC 87: Ultrasonics;
  • IEC TC 111: Environmental standardization for electrical and electronic products and systems;
  • IEC TC 114: Marine energy - Wave, tidal and other water current converters, also prepares technical specifications for ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC). It prepares technical specifications that apply to some desalination technologies and seawater air conditioning (SWAC) systems;
  • ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 6: Telecommunications and information exchange between systems;
  • IECQ: IEC Quality Assessment System for Electronic Components [hazardous substances]

6.4 More efficient water use and reduced water scarcity

Sensors on taps and toilets control water flow. Irrigation systems and reuse of brown water for sanitation can increase efficiency of water use and reduce water scarcity.

  • IEC SC 23E: Circuit-breakers and similar equipment for household use;
  • IEC TC 46: Cables, wires, waveguides, RF connectors, RF and microwave passive components and accessories;
  • IEC TC 47: Semiconductor devices (sensors), in particular, IEC SC 47F: Micro-electromechanical systems;
  • IEC TC 57: Power systems management and associated information exchange, and IEC TC 65, Industrial-process measurement, control and automation, cover the supervisory control and data acquisition systems (SCADA) that are used in pumping and control stations, as well as the sensors for switches;
  • IEC TC 59: Performance of household and similar electrical appliances;
  • IEC TC 61 and 5 SCs: Safety of household and similar electrical appliances;
  • IEC TC 64: Electrical installations and protection against electric shock;
  • IEC SC 65B: Measurement and control devices, provides the technical foundation for the many different kinds of valves that control water flow, pressure, temperature, liquid levels, etc. They are indispensable in water distribution and to avoid leakages. The IEC 60534 series of standards is considered the bible for the water purification and waste water treatment industry;
  • IEC TC 72: Automatic electrical controls;
  • IEC TC 82: Solar photovoltaic energy systems, develops standards that apply to off-grid solar irrigation;
  • ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 6: Telecommunications and information exchange between systems;
  • IECEE:  IEC System of Conformity Assessment Schemes for Electrotechnical Equipment and Components.

6.A Water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies

Multiple technologies that enable water harvesting and desalination, as well as sensor driven irrigation systems and water purification/reuse technologies are underpinned by IEC work.

  • IEC TC 4:Hydraulic turbines;
  • IEC TC 5:Steam turbines;
  • IEC SC 22G: Adjustable speed electric drive systems incorporating semiconductor power converters;
  • IEC TC 27: Industrial electroheating and electromagnetic processing;
  • IEC TC 34: Lamps and related equipment, in particular, IEC SC 34D Luminaires, and IEC TC 61: Safety of household and similar electrical appliances, are essential for a number of disinfection methods which involve ultraviolet light or "cold" electrical discharge;
  • IEC TC 46: Cables, wires, waveguides, RF connectors, RF and microwave passive components and accessories;
  • IEC TC 47: Semiconductor devices (sensors), in particular, IEC SC 47F Micro-electromechanical systems;
  • IEC TC 57: Power systems management and associated information exchange, and IEC TC 65, Industrial-process measurement, control and automation, cover the supervisory control and data acquisition systems (SCADA) that are used in pumping and control stations, as well as the sensors for switches;
  • IEC TC 64: Electrical installations and protection against electric shock IEC SC 65B: Measurement and control devices, provides the technical foundation for the many different kinds of valves that control water flow, pressure, temperature, liquid levels, etc. They are indispensable in water distribution and to avoid leakages. The IEC 60534 series of standards is considered the bible for the water purification and waste water treatment industry;
  • IEC SC 65C: Industrial networks;
  • IEC SC 65E:Devices and integration in enterprise systems;
  • IEC TC 70: Degrees of protection provided by enclosures;
  • IEC TC 72: Automatic electrical controls;
  • IEC TC 82: Solar photovoltaic energy systems, develops standards that apply to off-grid solar irrigation;
  • IEC TC 86 and 3 SCs:Fibre optics;
  • IEC TC 87: Ultrasonics;
  • IEC TC 111: Environmental standardization for electrical and electronic products and systems;
  • IEC TC 114: Marine energy - Wave, tidal and other water current converters, also prepares technical specifications for ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC). It prepares technical specifications that apply to some desalination technologies and seawater air conditioning (SWAC) systems;
  • IEC SC 121A: Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear;
  • ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 6: Telecommunications and information exchange between systems;
  • IECEE: IEC System of Conformity Assessment Schemes for Electrotechnical Equipment and Components;
  • IECQ: IEC Quality Assessment System for Electronic Components [hazardous substances].

 

IEC and SDGs

End poverty and hunger. Achieve food security and promote sustainable agriculture

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all

Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

Promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

Reduce inequality within and among countries

Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

Conserve and sustainably use ocean, sea and marine resources

Promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, halt and reverse land degradation and biodiversity loss

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable institutions at all levels

Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development